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Growth and Development

As a parent, it’s important to know what’s normal in the growth and development of your child at different stages. The following are guides to the growth and development of your baby at different ages by month.

Communication

Utters throaty noises; smacks lips

Smiles randomly

Responds to human face

Cry is strong and lusty when hungry or uncomfortable

 

Socialization

Baby enjoys being held, cuddled, touched, talked to and smiled at

Shows subtle cues of recognition of parent

Stares at surroundings

Focuses about eight (8) inches away

 

Safety

Requires car seat for safe travel in automobile (until height reaches >40 inches in the State of Kentucky). Rear facing until 20 pounds and can sit up well – safest center back seat.

Do not leave baby unattended on table, counter, bed, etc.

 

Play

Music (music boxes, soft radio music, singing)

Rocking

Hold and cuddle

Likes black and white geometric shapes or primary colors

Likes human voice

Can become over stimulated

Communication / Socialization

Vocalizes with small throaty sounds; gurgles in response to human voice

Regards face intently

Cries as a means to obtain a social response; has a special cry for hunger, pain, etc.

Movement of eyes, respiratory rate and activity level change with new sounds

Begins to smile at 6 to 8 weeks in response to environmental stimulation or human face

Begins to follow objects

Produces short vowel sounds; sometimes repeats the same syllable or sounds while vocalizing

 

Safety

Requires a car seat for safe travel in automobile (until height >40 inches in Kentucky)

 

Play

Baby responds to and enjoys:

Mobiles with large and bright colored objects or black and white designs

Human faces

Human voice

Being held, rocked, cuddled

Exercise of extremities in swimming motion

 

American Society for Quality (ASQ) Ages and Stages 

2 Month Questionnaire | Download

Communication / Socialization

Awake longer periods of time

Smiles in response to another’s smile (especially parent)

Responds differently to familiar vs. unfamiliar voices; angry vs. friendly tones

Babbles: playful repetition of some sounds

Shows pleasure in making sounds; coos, laughs aloud

Responds to selected sounds by stopping activity and listening

Looks around in search of speaker, watches speaker’s face or mouth

Uses sucking to soothe self

Shows awareness of own sounds, takes turns when vocalizing between infant and caregiver

Begins to turn

 

Safety

Requires car seat for safe travel in automobile ( until height reaches > 40 inches in State of Kentucky)

 

Play

New activities that baby responds to and enjoys:

Increased contact with family members

Grasps and rattles objects – holds for brief period

Free motor play

Holds hands in front, plays with fingers

Being taken to different rooms

Uses Infant play seat

 

American Society for Quality (ASQ) Ages and Stages 

4 Month Questionnaire | Download

Communication / Socialization

Recognizes familiar objects and voices

Begins to listen selectively to familiar words, such as “Mama, doggie”, that are accompanied by consistent information

Laughs aloud

May vocalize to interrupt another’s conversation

Babbles, coos, and gurgles when talked to

Enjoys having people around and enjoys being talked to

Turns to source of sound

Will start to sit with support

Begins to roll over

 

Safety

May roll off bed or furniture

May put small or sharp objects in mouth

Requires car seat for safe travel in automobile (until height reaches >40 inches in State of Kentucky)

 

Play

Increased contact with family members

Free motor play

Mirror play

Soft, large toys

Plastic rings, blocks, keys

“Banging” toys

Reaches for objects – manipulates objects

 

American Society for Quality (ASQ) Ages and Stages 

6 Month Questionnaire | Download

Communication

Vocalizes attitudes

Babbles

Demonstrates excitement

Vocalizes syllable sounds (e.g. Ba, Ma, Da)

If child makes sound and adult imitates, child will imitate adult

Imitates some gestures

Responds to own name by vocalizing or ceasing activity

Begins to turn head to side on hearing sounds

Attends to sights and sounds in environment

May begin imitating acts, such as pat-a-cake, and sound sequences, such as “oh-oh”

 

Socialization

Begins to show stranger fear and separation anxiety

Begins to show physical demonstration of frustrations

 

Safety

May put small or sharp objects in mouth

May explore environment without apparent fear

Requires car seat for safe travel in automobile (until height reaches >40 inches in State of Kentucky)

 

Play

Increased periods of play

Contact with family members

Exploring environment

Brightly colored objects

Push and pull toys

Busy boxes

Manipulative toys

Water play

Sits alone

Plays with feet

May start crawling or creeping

May start to clap and wave hands

May pull up to stand (9 months)

 

American Society for Quality (ASQ) Ages and Stages 

6 Month Questionnaire | Download

American Society for Quality (ASQ) Ages and Stages Questionnaires

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